Container Grown Citrus Trees > Orange
Florida designated the orange as its official state fruit, orange juice as the state beverage, and the orange blossom (one of the most fragrant flowers in Florida) as its state flower. Florida grows a variety of oranges, but the most popular are Navel, Hamlin, Pineapple, Ambersweet and Valencia. Growing orange trees in containers is the easiest and surest method to protect them from possible damage from cold. The key is selecting the best orange trees suited for pots followed by appropriate fertilization, watering, and maintenance of size through pruning. The best orange trees for container grown oranges are the dwarf cultivars, due to their manageable size.
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Calamondin Sour Orange
Calamondin is a cross between a sour Mandarin and a kumquat. The fruit
averages 6-15' tall and 4-8' wide. This tree requires full sun and well draining soil. It is not tolerant of freezing conditions, or wind, but is drought tolerant once established.
Scientific Name: Citrus Sinensis 'Cara Cara'; also Blood Orange
This flesh of this fruit is a deep red and it has a raspberry-like flavor. The skin is tougher and harder to peel than a regular orange. The red pigment is caused by an antioxidant uncommon in citrus.
Scientific Name: Citrus Sinensis 'Hamlin'; also 'Norris'
The Hamlin is very hardy, which has made it a popular variety, and is also an early variety. The flesh is juicy and seedless. It is one of the most important varieties for the Florida orange juice industry.
This much requested fruit is a hybrid of the Duncan grapefruit and Dancy tangerine. Half tangerine and half grapefruit, it is the sweetest, juiciest, most delicious variety. Its color is a bright red-orange and it has a stem-like top, making it appear bell shaped. The skin practically peels itself!
Scientific Name: Citrus sinensis 'Valencia'
The world's most important orange variety and a major variety in Florida. Over 50% of the production is pressed for juice. It's easy to grow and relatively seedless. The peel is thin and the pulp is tender and very juicy. Valencia is a late variety and can be picked until late spring, or even early summer.